What is pine nut oil?
Pine nut oil is pressed from the kernels of several species of pine. Oil from some varieties of pine are more commonly used for cooking, while oils pressed from Siberian and Korean pine kernels have been used as nutritional supplements. Siberian pine nut oil is rich in antioxidants and pinolenic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid found exclusively in pine nut oil. In some assessments, the highest percentage of pinolenic acid is found in Siberian pine nuts and the oil produced from them as compared to other pine species. Pinolenic acid has anti-inflammatory properties that may help protect, repair, and strengthen the stomach and gastric lining. Studies also suggest that unsaturated fats such as pinolenic acid may assist with:
– Reducing platelet aggregation
– Lowering blood pressure
– Improving cardiovascular health and blood lipid profiles
– Stimulating the release of digestive hormones
– Inhibiting acid production
Why is it good for you?
Siberian pine nut oil’s effectiveness as a natural digestive aid for these conditions is partly due to the concentration of carotenoids found in the oil. Carotenoids are organic pigments found in some plants, algae, and fungi and help reduce oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals, along with an unhealthy and stressful lifestyle, play a role in the development of gastric and duodenal disorders. Siberian pine nut oil is also rich in vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant.
Pine nut oil is used as an aid in the symptom relief of a wide range of digestive and gastrointestinal disorders such as:
– Acid reflux (GERD)
– Barret’s oesophagus
– Gastrointestinal inflammation
– H. Pylori
– Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Research has indicated that pinolenic acid may help stimulate the release of digestive hormones CCK and GLP1. These hormones inhibit acid production in the stomach, increase insulin secretion, and also help with the absorption of essential nutrients that your body needs. Pinolenic acid has also been shown to aid in appetite suppression when taken 30-60 minutes before meals, reducing food intake and increasing feelings of fullness.
Although appetite control studies were conducted with Korean pine nut oil, the findings were of the effects of the free fatty acids unique to the oil, namely pinolenic acid. Siberian pine nut oil is also rich in pinolenic acid, and in some assessments contain higher pinolenic acid content compared to Korean pine nut oil. We can therefore draw similar conclusions with Siberian pine nut oil in regards to its effects on appetite suppression.